String Functions - Online String Manipulation Tools

Encoding Problem Table

What happens if you encode a character with one encoding and then try to decode with another? This is often the case when you have a mix of operating systems and/or internationalization requirements. Also, this tend to be a problem with web frameworks where the code page can be set in the http header or in the http head section. Selecting the wrong encoding (code page) may display some characters correctly but others will be scrambled. The first 256 characters in a mixed selection of encodings are displayed below. Encoding a text with Western European (ISO) and decoding with Unicode (UTF-8) will sometimes produce strange characters. Characters may display as a box denoting binary data, another character or even several other characters.


Encoding from Western European (ISO) (code page 28591, iso-8859-1) to Unicode (UTF-8) (code page 65001, utf-8)

DecHexiso-8859-1utf-8
00
11
22
33
44
55
66
77
88
99
10A
11B
12C
13D
14E
15F
1610
1711
1812
1913
2014
2115
2216
2317
2418
2519
261A
271B
281C
291D
301E
311F
3220
3321!!
3422""
3523##
3624$$
3725%%
3826&&
3927''
4028((
4129))
422A**
432B++
442C,,
452D--
462E..
472F//
483000
493111
503222
513333
523444
533555
543666
553777
563888
573999
583A::
593B;;
603C<<
613D==
623E>>
633F??
DecHexiso-8859-1utf-8
6440@@
6541AA
6642BB
6743CC
6844DD
6945EE
7046FF
7147GG
7248HH
7349II
744AJJ
754BKK
764CLL
774DMM
784ENN
794FOO
8050PP
8151QQ
8252RR
8353SS
8454TT
8555UU
8656VV
8757WW
8858XX
8959YY
905AZZ
915B[[
925C\\
935D]]
945E^^
955F__
9660``
9761aa
9862bb
9963cc
10064dd
10165ee
10266ff
10367gg
10468hh
10569ii
1066Ajj
1076Bkk
1086Cll
1096Dmm
1106Enn
1116Foo
11270pp
11371qq
11472rr
11573ss
11674tt
11775uu
11876vv
11977ww
12078xx
12179yy
1227Azz
1237B{{
1247C||
1257D}}
1267E~~
1277F
DecHexiso-8859-1utf-8
12880€
12981
13082‚
13183ƒ
13284„
13385…
13486†
13587‡
13688ˆ
13789‰
1388AŠ
1398B‹
1408CŒ
1418D
1428EŽ
1438F
14490
14591‘
14692’
14793“
14894”
14995•
15096–
15197—
15298˜
15399™
1549Aš
1559B›
1569Cœ
1579D
1589Ež
1599FŸ
160A0 
161A1¡
162A2¢
163A3£
164A4¤
165A5¥
166A6¦
167A7§
168A8¨
169A9©
170AAª
171AB«
172AC¬
173AD­
174AE®
175AF¯
176B0°
177B1±
178B2²
179B3³
180B4´
181B5µ
182B6
183B7·
184B8¸
185B9¹
186BAº
187BB»
188BC¼
189BD½
190BE¾
191BF¿
DecHexiso-8859-1utf-8
192C0À
193C1Á
194C2Â
195C3Ã
196C4Ä
197C5Å
198C6Æ
199C7Ç
200C8È
201C9É
202CAÊ
203CBË
204CCÌ
205CDÍ
206CEÎ
207CFÏ
208D0Ð
209D1Ñ
210D2Ò
211D3Ó
212D4Ô
213D5Õ
214D6Ö
215D7×
216D8Ø
217D9Ù
218DAÚ
219DBÛ
220DCÜ
221DDÝ
222DEÞ
223DFß
224E0à
225E1á
226E2â
227E3ã
228E4ä
229E5å
230E6æ
231E7ç
232E8è
233E9é
234EAê
235EBë
236ECì
237EDí
238EEî
239EFï
240F0ð
241F1ñ
242F2ò
243F3ó
244F4ô
245F5õ
246F6ö
247F7÷
248F8ø
249F9ù
250FAú
251FBû
252FCü
253FDý
254FEþ
255FFÿ


Tags: encoding decoding problem double character error

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